MedSchool: Ace Your OSCEsThe Medical Company
GET - On the App Store
Cardio Exam

Pulmonary Stenosis



Pulmonary stenosis manifests as an ejection systolic murmur heard loudest over the pulmonary area on inspiration, and may be associated with a split S2 and S4.
  • Signs of Pulmonary Stenosis

  • Peripheral Signs

  • Prominent a wave within the jugular venous pressure
  • Central Signs

  • Parasternal heave
  • Splitting of the second heart sound (S2)
  • Presence of a fourth heart sound (S4)
  • Ejection systolic murmur best heart in the pulmonary area on inspiration
  • Signs of Complciations

  • Evidence of right heart failure - raised JVP, ascites, pleural effusions, peripheral oedema
  • Causes of Pulmonary Stenosis

  • Congenital - rubella, Noonan’s syndrome, William’s syndrome, tetralogy of Fallot
  • Carcinoid syndrome
Next Page
Want more info like this?
  • Your electronic clinical medicine handbook
  • Guides to help pass your exams
  • Tools every medical student needs
  • Quick diagrams to have the answers, fast
  • Quizzes to test your knowledge
Sign Up Now

Snapshot: Initialising...