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Cardio Exam
 
 

Pericardial Rub

 
 
 
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Overview

  • How to Perform

  • Ask the patient to lean forward and hold their breath in full expiration.
  • Listen For

  • A superficial, scratching sound present in mid-systole, mid-diastole and late diastole.
  • Significance

  • Pericarditis.
  • Causes of Pericardial Rub

  • Infection
  • Trauma
  • Uraemic pericarditis
  • Inflammatory conditions - rheumatoid arthritis, lupus
  • Cancers
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