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Cardio Exam

Leg Temperature

July 1st, 2020


  • How to Assess

  • With the back of the hand, feel from the top of the calf to the dorsum of the foot. Note if there is any change in temperature distally.

Cool Extremities

  • Causes of Cool Extremities

  • Peripheral arterial disease
  • Compartment Syndrome
  • Shock
  • Low cardiac output, due to cardiac disease

Warm Extremities

  • Causes of Warm Extremities

  • Systemic - fever / hyperthermia
  • Infection - cellulitis, lymphangitis, necrotising fasciitis
  • Lymphoedema
  • Venous abnormalities - deep venous thrombosis, superficial thrombophlebitis, venous insufficiency
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