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Cardio Exam

Abdominal Inspection

July 1st, 2020

Abdominal Distension

  • Causes of Abdominal Distension

  • FatCentral obesity
  • FaecesLifestyle, age, obstruction, drugs, endocrine / neurological
  • FlatusIrritable bowel syndrome, mechanical or paralytic gut obstruction
  • FluidAscites, blood, pus, urine, bile, lymph, enteric contents
  • FoetusPregnancy
  • MassCancer, abscess, abdominal wall fibrosis

Abdominal Pulsation

  • Look For

  • An obvious pulsation within the abdomen.
  • Significance

  • May be physiologic in individuals with low BMI, though may be an indicator of abdominal aortic aneurysm.
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