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Lower Respiratory Disease
 
Lower Respiratory Disease
 

Asthma

 
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Pathogenesis

    • Risk Factors for Asthma

    • Family history of asthma
    • Atopy
    • Obesity
    • Potential Asthma Triggers

    • Environmental

    • Aeroallergens - pollens, dust mits, pet dander, mold
    • Cigarrette smoke
    • Air pollution
    • Other

    • Respiratory viral infections
    • Medications - beta blockers, NSAIDs
    • Exercise
    • Stress
    • Cold

Manifestations

    • Complications of Asthma

    • Pneumonia
    • Atelectasis
    • Mucous plugging
    • Pneumothorax
    • Pneumomediastinum

Management

    • Management Strategies

    • Lifestyle Measures

    • Avoidance of triggers
    • Smoking cessation
    • Pharmacologic Measures

    • Short-acting beta agonists (SABAs) - salbutamol, terbutaline
    • Long-acting beta agonists (LABAs) - salmeterol, formoterol, indacaterol
    • Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) - beclomethasone, budesonide, fluticasone, ciclesonide
    • ICS / LABA combinations - budesonide / formoterol, fluticasone / salmeterol, fluticasone / formoterol, fluticasone / vilanterol
    • Monoclonal antibodies - omalizumab, mepolizumab
  •  
    Respiratory Medications
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