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Osteoarthritis

 
 
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Overview

    • Ask About

    • Diagnosis - when OA was diagnosed, what joints are involved
    • Risk factors - occupation, sport, trauma, obesity
    • Functional limitation
    • Management - non-pharmacologic / pharmacologic
    • Risk Factors for Osteoarthritis

    • Advanced age
    • Obesity
    • Past trauma
    • Joint overuse (occupational / sport-related)

Management

    • Management Options

    • Non-Pharmacologic

    • Weight loss
    • Exercise - gym programs, tai chi, hydrotherapy
    • Physiotherapy
    • Walking aids
    • Joint protection - taping, splinting, orthotics
    • Pharmacologic

    • Simple analgesia - paracetamol, NSAIDs
    • Opioids (to be avoided)
    • Intra-articular corticosteroids
    • Surgical

    • Osteotomy (change in alignment)
    • Arthroplasty (joint replacement)
    • Arthrodesis (joint fusion)
 
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