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Diabetic Exam
 
 
 
 
Diabetic Exam
Poor diabetic control may manifest in many different ways, with macrovascular and microvascular complications. The diabetic examination is useful for diagnosing these complications, particularly when it comes to the vascular and neurologic examination of the lower limb.
 

The Mouth

 
 

Oral Candidiasis

    • Look For

    • Creamy white lesions present on the tongue or inner cheeks, which may be associated with angular cheilitis or glossitis.
    • Significance

    • Infection with Candida species.
    • Risk Factors

    • Dry mouth
    • Inhaled steroids
    • Immunosuppression
    • Antibiotic use
    • Smoking
    • Diabetes

Dentition

    • Look For

    • The number and overall health of the teeth, and the presence of any carious or erosive lesions.
    • Causes of Poor Dentition

    • Poor oral hygiene
    • High-sugar diet
    • Malnutrition
    • Lack of fluoride
    • Diabetes
    • Alcoholism
    • Smoking
    • Significance

    • Poor dentition is associated with worse overall physical and mental wellbeing. Dental infection can spread systemically, most notably as a cause of infective endocarditis.
Last updated on November 28th, 2019
 
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