Skin Inspection | Diabetic Exam - MedSchool
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Diabetic Exam
 

Skin Inspection

 
 

Rashes Associated with Diabetes

  • Xerosis cutis: abnormally dry skinCold weather, excessive bathing, irritants, advanced age, uraemia, diabetes, hypothyroidism
  • Granuloma annulare: smooth, ring-like erythematous plaquesBenign, diabetes
  • Diabetic dermopathy: <10mm well-dermarcated atrophic lesions around the proximal shinType 1 and 2 diabetes
  • Kyrle's disease: hyperpigmented papules with a central keratin plug.Chronic kidney disease, diabetes, liver failure
  • Acanthosis nigricans: dark, velvety, nonerythematous lesions on the axillae, antecubital fossae or around the neck.Type 2 diabetes, obesity, gastrointestinal malignancy
  • Eruptive xanthoma: yellow papules with underlying erythemaHypertriglyceridaemia, poor controlled type 2 diabetes
  • Necrobiosis lipoidica: painless irregular plaques over the proximal shin with a yellow centre and purple peripheryType 1 diabetes
  • Bullosis diabeticorum: non-inflamed bullae over the legs and feetType 1 diabetes (peripheral neuropathy)
Last updated on November 28th, 2019
 
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