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Emergency Drugs
 
 
 

5% Dextrose

 
 
  •  
    IV
    5% Dextrose

Overview

  • 5% dextrose is a crystalloid fluid made up of glucose. This fluid is often used in hypoglycaemic or hyponatraemic patients, and is also used to balance out insulin administration in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis.
    • Composition

    • Glucose 50g/L.
    • Pharmacology

    • Taken up by cells, resulting in expansion of intracellular fluid.

Clinical Use

    • Indications

    • Hypoglycaemia
    • Hypernatraemia
    • Diabetic ketoacidosis, in conjunction with insulin
    • Co-administration for insulin infusion
    • Contraindications

    • Intracranial / intraspinal haemorrhage
    • Hyperosmolar hyperglycaemia (without concurrent insulin)
    • Adverse Effects

    • Electrolyte disturbances – hyponatraemia, hypokalaemia, hypomagnesaemia, hypophosphataemia
    • Hyperglycaemia
    • Dehydration
Last updated on August 18th, 2018
 
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